## Ɋւ{Iȕ\

́Awx̏gpIȕ\ȀɂĉĂ݂Ǝv܂B

X|T[h N

@ucanv̏

@umustv̏

@˗EĂ̕\

X|T[h N

## ucanv̏

{Iȏ̃y[Wł悤ɁAcańu`łvƂӖ̏łB

be able tóA"able"u\łvƂӖ̌`eȂ̂ŁAu`邱Ƃ\łvu`łvƂӖ\܂B

܂Acanbe able to͂قړe\܂B
ƂƂ́Acanbe able toŏ邱ƂłBƂ킯łB

ȂAubevbeȂ̂ŁA⎞ɍ킹ēK؂Ȍ`ɒ܂B
canbe able toƂۈËLāAłł"be able to"ƏĂ܂ԈႢ悭܂BCĂˁI

F
@Koji can speak Japanese.iREW͓{bƂł܂Bj
Koji is able to speak Japanese.

ucanv̂Ɂube able tovĂ݂܂BقړełˁB

ߋ`́ucouldvꍇ́Abeߋ`ɂȂ΂njI

F
@Koji could speak Japanese.iREW͓{bƂł܂Bj
Koji was able to speak Japanese.

ߋ`ƂƂ́A݂͓{͘bȂ̂m܂B
EEEREW͂łɂ̐̐lłȂA{YĂ܂̂ł傤()

## umustv̏

must́u`Ȃ΂ȂȂvu`ɈႢȂvƂӖ̏łB

uhave tovu`Ȃ΂ȂȂvƂӖȂ̂ŁAm蕶łumustv̂Ɂuhave tovuƁAeɂȂ܂B

must͏łAhave to͕@Iɂ́uʓ{s莌vłB
A⎞ɂČ`ς܂B
^╶ے蕶ɂƂ́Aʂ̈ʓ̕̕@ɂȂ܂B

F
@She must finish the work by tomorrow.
(ޏ͖܂łɂ̎dI点ȂĂ͂ȂȂBj
She has to finish the work by tomorrow.

^╶Does she have to finish the work by tomorrow?
(ޏ͖܂łɂ̎dI点ȂĂ͂ȂȂ̂łBj

ߋShe had to finish the work by the next day.
(ޏ͎̓܂łɂ̎dI点ȂĂ͂ȂȂBj

ߋ̔ے蕶She didn't have to finish the work by the next day.
(ޏ͎̓܂łɂ̎dI点ȂĂǂBj

Ȃ݂ɁAShe must not finish the work by tomorrow.Ȃ΁Auޏ͖܂łɂ̎dI点Ă͂܂vƂӖɂȂ܂Bے蕶łmusthave toňeɂȂƂoĂƗǂłB
dƋtɍĂ܂悤ȏ󋵁EEEꍇɂĂ͂邩m܂ˁB

## ˗EĂ̕\

Will you `?
ӎu\willgāAyoű^╶ɂĂ̂ŁAuȂ́`Ăӎu͂܂vu`Ă܂񂩁BvƂӖɂȂ܂B
uwillv̂would, can, couldgĂAӖɂȂ܂B

Shall I `?
IȂ̂ŁAu`Ă܂傤BvƐ\oƂɎg܂B

Shall we `?
weȂ̂ŁAu`܂傤BvƒĂƂɎg܂B
Why don't we `?ALet's `.ƂełB

F
Will you open the window?uiȂjJĂ܂񂩁Bv
Shall I open the window?uijJĂ܂傤Bv
Shall we open the window?uijJ܂傤Bv

OƂȉ͑̕SɂĂ݂܂B
Ǝ̈ႢɂāA\󋵂ǂ̂悤ɈႤ̂A悭C[WĂ݂ĂˁI

## ܂Ƃ

Ecanbe able toŏ
Emusthave to͍m蕶ł͂Ӗ
E˗ƂWill you `?
EĂƂShall I `?Shall we `?